Participation in Side Events Sessions
*(Please do not email credit card information under any circumstances).
Watershed management is decisive to ensure the continued provision of ecosystem services and to limit potential hazards especially in areas surrounded by great mountains, erratic weather, great environmental variation, and by far with seasonal rivers and high density population. There are two major imperatives to manage seasonal rivers according to the fuzzy logic rules. 1. Computing with qualitative data is a necessity when the available information is too imprecise to justify the use of numbers. 2. When there is a tolerance for inaccuracy which can be exploited to achieve tractability, robustness, low solution cost, and better connection with reality. Hydrological resources have to supply safe water and water for irrigation, mainly, under our anthropocentric view. A holistic model based on fuzzy logic could be a sound option in close and open basins in arid and erratic and extreme meteorological events. However, the high population density exerts great pressure on these water resources. Many mathematical models for estimating environmental flows have been developed, yet no model is truly holistic, even integrated, by not taking into account a variable of extreme importance to the ecological functioning of the watershed, its marked seasonal nature (temporality). In addition, due to lack of precise information concerning environmental factors, species richness and biological diversity at different scales in time and in space, fuzzy logic rules are of great importance in connecting social needs, politic reasons and ecological requirements to maintain landscape resilience.
With mounting pressure and competition for resources, technologies that preserve and enhance existing natural capital are increasingly needed. This session will explore various techniques that are available, or under research, for servicing societies needs in a sustainable and affordable manner. The focus is on the use of simple biotechnology to overcome our current dependence on chemical inputs. Awareness of the negative health and environmental impacts associated with this current trend will be recognized, and safer biological alternatives investigated. The importance of changing societal views on biotechnology will be highlighted as an essential component of the steady shift towards this form of intervention. The development potential of the industry will also be touched on as a key driver of sustained and equitable growth in developing countries.
0029 Environment reconstruction in recent and deep time from preserved plant/animal traces in sediment: Workshop
Benthic plants and animals leave characteristic marks (traces) in sediments (and other natural media, in which they thrive) as they interact with varied environment/ecological factors of the ambiance. These traces are the ethological expression of organisms in response to impending factors like substrate stability, energy supply in the habitat, rate of sedimentation, nutrient and oxygen supply, temperature and salinity etc. One can apply ichnological (study of trace fossils or their extant counterparts) principles to decode dominant ecological control(s) in an environment regime at any point of time or, their reversals transcending time. Such ethological variants are given the status of trace fossils for their characteristic morphology and taxonomically defined as under ichnotaxa. Morphology, association, distribution and sediment association of these ichnotaxa may be used as reliable tool or indicator of environment factors. Accordingly, they may help to reconstruct reversals in the environment of recent and deep time.
Continuing population and consumption growth worldwide mean that nations demand for food will increase (Godfray et al., 2010). Climate change and growing competition for land, water, and energy, in addition to the over-exploitation of fisheries, will affect nations ability to produce sustainable food. There has been a large loss in Ghana’s agriculture ranging from 5% to 15% (Gobind, 2009). This proposal is meant to tackle the issue of food security using West Africa as a case study using a systems thinking approach and channeling research results for effective policy making to enhance food security in the sub-region. The main goal of this proposal is to develop a new structural approach with stakeholders to help to improve food security in by strengthening local research capacity and stimulating high quality research that supports policy design using the Evolutionary Learning Laboratory.
Over 40 epidemiological studies world-wide have found cancer incidences in children near nuclear power plants (NPPs) . These include the 2009 KiKK study commissioned by the German Government which found relative risks (RR) of 1.6 in total cancers and 2.2 in leukemias among infants living within 5 km of all German NPPs. These increased cancers are hypothesised to arise from radiation exposures to pregnant women near NPPs. Doses from spikes in NPP radionuclide emissions are larger than those estimated by official models. Also risks to embryos/fetuses are greater than those to adults and haematopoietic tissues in embryos/fetuses are more radiosensitive than in newborn babies. The product of increased doses and increased risks per dose may provide an explanation.
0038 GISCAME workshop: Land use change simulation and trade-off assessment regarding a set of ecosystem services
This training session will give a brief introduction of GISCAME, an online software which has been developed of land use change simulation and ecosystem services assessment. It includes a variety of tools for land use change simulation and the analysis trade-offs and synergies regarding ecosystem services provision. The Map Editor allows illustrating, changing, and assessing raster-formatted land use maps. Add-ons allow assessing landscape pattern (habitat connectivity, landscape fragmentation, and landscape diversity) and water erosion potential. Further routines conduct biomass estimations or flight simulations through a 3D landscape animation. This course will use sample data from Germany to illustrate the use and added value of these routines. The GISCAME software was developed for supporting scientific landscape analyses as well as regional planning and environmental education.
Organiser: Susanne Frank - Susanne.Frank@uni-bonn.de*
With this workshop we intend to select examples of studies, which successfully applied the ecosystem services concept. From an interdisciplinary perspective, we work on the identification of criteria, which lead to successful implementation of the ecosystem services concept.
We will discuss, which criteria are most beneficial at different spatial and temporal scales (e.g. local and regional), as well as regarding various target groups (regional planners, nature conservationists, politician, etc.).
Organisers: Christine Fürst and Marcin Spyra (email@example.com)*
Pre-registration by e-mail is required
There are numerous unanswered ecological questions regarding the impact of the release of transgenic microorganisms into the earth. Among the major ecological dangers connected with genetically engineered organisms are the unintended exchange of the "transgenes" to indigenous microorganisms and the capricious biological impact. Agro-ecological hypothesis predicts that genetic engineering will compound the issues of ordinary agribusiness and by advancing monocultures will likewise undermine biological techniques for cultivation and will also alter the health of soil by interfering with original microbial populations. On the other hand the agrochemical organizations which control the bearing and objectives of agrarian development guarantee that genetic engineering will improve the supportability of agriculture by taking care of the very issues influencing customary cultivating and will fulfill hunger. The time has come to counter effectively the challenge, and the reality, of genetic engineering, and to understand how much the employment of genetic engineering for agro-ecological sustenance is ethically pure?
Climate change is already having a considerable impact on agricultural ecosystem. Rising temperatures and increasingly variable levels of precipitation cause imbalance of agro-ecosystem, some insects and pathogens can be observed which are new to a particular region. In near future, the impact will be more pronounced and reduction of yield due to such changes will affect food security. First the possible impact under climate change scenario should be assessed, then the issue of adaptation technique should be taken care of. Although discussions to date regarding climate change have focused on issues relating to emissions reduction, awareness of the importance of adaptation measures is slowly growing. So, adaptation strategies can form new policies for the Government and stakeholders, helpful towards sustainable crop production system.
This Side Event provides the mechanisms and tools for the participation of key institutions and international organizations in order to address the evolving science-policy-social sustainability challenges. The topics included are focusing on the Participatory Innovation-based Platform, which is the basis for improved expanded interoperability, especially for collaborating on many projects from Countries, Cities and Regions world-wide. The Platform can generate strong support and commitments from stakeholders, including Academic Institutions, Policy-Makers, Private Sector, and key partners from Regions, Cities, Counties, and NGOs. The aim of this Side Event focuses on developing and improving the linkages among science, policy, local governments, social groups and other organizations in order to provide the means for achieving a higher impact for sustainable development.
This event brings together scholars and practitioners to questions whether, how and why demands for urban infrastructure services are shifting from singular goals towards multiple goals. It appears urban areas are reformulating 'everyday' services, such as transportation, water supply, and housing, in tandem with other functions such as ecosystem services and sustainable resource use. This event examines the shift towards integrating multiple urban services and how the underlying physical infrastructure reflects a significant change in institutional. Through analyzing practices of decision-making, the research opens an institutional ethnography into how and who does in fact fill the social and physical spaces of demand to realize these new value priorities.
0143 Assessment of variation in WQI based on reference values/standards fixed by various organizations /countries and methodologies
Evaluation of effect of permissible limits set by various organizations /countries like EPA, EU, WHO, ICMR etc. on WQI (Water Quality Index ) and Comparison of two methods “CCME method” and ”TIWARI and MISHRA Method” among various methods available for the calculation of WQI make an outcome that sample size, selection of controls ,population area under study , selection of methodology etc. have strong influence on the values of WQI. This leads to much non uniformity among the values of WQI that it is difficult to generate reliable data for the quality of water through WQI. The significant point to be noted is "CCME method" evaluates WQI in better manner than the other method. It is recommended that critical assessment of variety of methods available for the calculation of WQI is required. Along with that permissible limits of various parameters set by different organizations /countries as standard specification or reference values require a 'common data source' to have uniform approach in assessing water quality throughout the world.
The contribution of volunteers in ecology is undeniable. With developments in mobile technology and social media, many predict their contribution to become even more significant. However, economic disparities across the world challenge this vision. To exploit the potential of current and emerging technology to best advantage it will be necessary to coordinate developments, share experience and apply the principles of inclusive design. The aim of this workshop session is to examine the challenges faced by citizen scientists and volunteers across the world and to debate the priorities for research and the development of technological support. Starting with short presentations from an expert panel, the session will actively involve participants in the elaboration of the agenda through facilitated discussions. The results of the workshop will be collated for publication following the EcoSummit.
Organiser: Brian Davison - firstname.lastname@example.org*
0177 Valuing ecosystem services for environmental assessment: State-of-the-art and prospective solutions
Identifying and modelling the complex and interlinked human−environment nexuses is one affordable way to assess the relationships between antroposphere and geobiosphere. Such an assessment shall support the establishment of environmental and nature conservation policies, and the life cycle sustainability development of technologies. The theory of ecosystem services (ES) turns out to be at the interface among these research and decision-making questions: assessing the value of ES means understanding and quantifying the very nature of coupled ecological−economic systems. While scientific effort intensifies in this domain, still relevant challenges underlie the implementation of integrated modelling frameworks, the analysis of future scenarios, and the interaction among different disciplines, such as methods of life cycle impact assessment (LCIA), spatial analysis and system dynamics. This workshop intends to deepen the discussion on the multi-scale and multi-objective features that underpin the ES assessment, with a special focus on the latest developments in the field of LCIA combined with ecological modelling.
Organiser: Benedetto Rugani - email@example.com*
- Guy Ziv (School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK)
- Federico M. Pulselli (Dept. of Earth, Environmental and Physical Sciences, University of Siena, Italy)
- Joachim Maes (European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Varese, Italy)
- Thomas Schaubroeck (Dept. of Sustainable Organic Chemistry and Technology, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium)
- Benoit Othoniel (Department ERIN, Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology, Luxembourg)
A focussed, round-table discussion will follow the “Ecological network models” session (179), to synthesise participants’ insights into using models to inform different conservation issues in different sectors and countries. Discussion points will include: How are ecological network models being applied to practical conservation issues currently? What are the advantages and drawbacks of existing models compared to other, e.g. qualitative, approaches? What further steps are needed to increase the usefulness of ecological network models to deliver effective conservation actions? Do users have access to the data and systems required to run the existing models? How could a network of users foster greater understanding of the best models for decision making?
All attendees will be invited to co-author an open-access paper to summarise the discussions for the wider end-user community.
Organisers: Katherine Allen, Tim Graham, Jenny Hodgson and Sarah Taylor -firstname.lastname@example.org*
Rewetting of drained peatlands can stop environmental pollution (nutrients, greenhouse gases) and restore their ecosystem services. Paludiculture, i.e. wet agriculture and forestry, is a promising land use alternative on rewetted peatlands. Currently there are still some constraints that frustrate large scale implementation. The round table likes to bring together different stakeholders (politics, administration, research, practitioners) to discuss the potentials and challenges as well as to identify the most important gaps for large scale implementation of paludiculture and develop strategies to close these gaps in the near future.
Organiser: Wendelin Wichtmann - email@example.com*
0186 Implementation frameworks for climate adaptation and resilience in multi-level governance perspective
Climate change poses a threat to earth’s ecosystems and human inhabitants in particular. This side‐event wants to address the threats of anthropogenic climate change through the lens of adaptation and resilience planning as part of an implementation framework for urban sustainable development. The emphasis of the discussion forum will be on community based actions of resilience and adaptation in multi‐level governance perspective and is most interested in best-practice examples of multi-stakeholder inter‐actions in the urban space of both developed and developing countries. As a result, new insights will feed into and possibly re‐shape existing frameworks, which will become subject of a joint paper.
Organiser: Annika Styczynski - firstname.lastname@example.org*
Integrating sustainability sciences around the hydrological cycle
The contemporary science should be capable to meet the present and future challenges of human persistence on Earth. The basic requirement is the process-orientated approach as a counterbalance to the segmented sectoral approaches. The hydrological cycle will serve as a template to guide integration of different environmental, social and engineering disciplines around the sustainability goal. Thermodynamic laws, hydraulics and hydrology science should be the reference point for integrating environmental sciences with hydroengineering practice and ecosystem biotechnologies for water resources enhancement. Ecohydrology will serve as an example of the sustainability science aiming at reaching sustainability through the multi-dimensional approach integrating water resources, biodiversity, ecosystem services, ecosystems resilience and cultural heritage. A stimulated roundtable discussion will seek to identify challenges and opportunities for integrating different environmental sciences for sustainability.
Organiser: Maciej Zalewski, European Regional Centre for Ecohydrology of the Polish Academy of Sciences - email@example.com*
Side event connected to UNESCO International Hydrological Programme
Climate change would affect coastal waters in a number of ways; namely the rainfall patterns, wind and wave climate, sea level, circulation patterns, runoff, sea water intrusion, transport of bacteria and other pathogens etc. The planning for infrastructure renewal, allocation of resources for public health, recreation and restoration efforts requires the prediction of those effects of climate change. In this side event, it is aimed to discuss on how to integrate coastal water quality modeling (CWQM) tools into coastal landuse planning decisions considering direct and indirect impacts of climate change. The uncertainties and shortcomings of the recent simulations will be considered for the Mediterranean ecosystem. Transboundary pollution which may be generated by persistent organic pollutants (POPs) will be given particular importance.
Understanding and controlling diseases is one of the crucial goals of populations worldwide. The increasing number of unexpected outbreaks and toxicant spillovers occurring in the world at very large scales, and the increase in environmental transformations have pushed the agenda toward methods and technology that can improve population health. This is not just related to infectious diseases but to other negative population outcome related to the environment.
In this event we propose to focus on methods drawn from complexity science to address 'One Health’ problems where the coupled dynamics of the Environment with Animals (or other external exposure factors) and Humans is crucial for understanding and engineering the health of ecosystems as a whole. The session will try to present case studies for different ecosystem types, pathogens/toxicants, and models with a clear ecosystem design and management goal. In particular the event would like to push the idea of health as an ecosystem service where the environment is at the core of population health. A roundtable discussion is expected to generate about types of models, implementation of models as real time technologies, optimal risk communication strategies, and stakeholder involvement.
Organisers: Matteo Convertino and Yang Liu - firstname.lastname@example.org*
The BioFrag software suite is a collection of novel image processing and computational methods designed to analyse the impact of landscape fragmentation on species abundance and biodiversity from experimental data. This workshop will present the software and demonstrate their usage, and participants are encouraged to bring their laptops in order to run the software.
Novel tools include: 1) 2D estimation of Edge Influence (EI) from continuous Vegetation Cover (VC) maps; 2) automated classification of species abundance patterns in response to EI and VC; 3) mapping of predicted species abundances from EI and VC; 4) computation of species response metrics: impact of fragmentation on species abundance, and species sensitivity to EI; 5) computation of landscape metrics: configuration, and amount of edge effects; 6) delineation of habitat fragments from VC maps depending on species sensitivity to EI; 7) suggestions of optimum sampling designs to measure fragmentation effects on species abundance.
A description of the methods will be given (methods 1-4 will also be presented in the talk: “Spatial analysis and modelling of species abundance in fragmented landscapes”, general session), then we will run the software on example datasets (records of species abundance in fragmented landscapes and their VC maps) and detail the results. Participants who wish to try the software on their own datasets will be able to do so.
Organisers: Véronique Lefebvre - email@example.com*, and Ellie Bowler, Imperial College London, UK
Invasions are not exclusively but mostly human mediated and has increased enormously in the past 200 years in consequence of human activities. Global warming contributes to the spread of invasive species and vice-versa.The impacts of invasive species on native communities may reduce or eliminate an ecosystem’s ability to provide ecological goods and services. These ecological goods and services, called as ecosystem services, are benefits provided by ecosystems that contribute to making human life both possible and worth living. In this session we’ll discuss the new findings linking biological invasions, climate change and ecosystem services. Also, based on the presentation of successful strategies already put on practice in some country we’ll write a essay to be distributed to the scientific community and policy makers and stakeholders to avoid/control invasions through cross-latitude joint cooperations.
Our knowledge on the interactions of ecological, climatic, and anthropogenic factors regulating the climate change associated risk of waterborne pathogens is very limited, urging implementation of holistic research-programs, as millions of coastal people are embracing increasing threats of climatic disasters like cyclones, salinity increase, etc. How the environmental changes, compounded with anthropogenic sewage, fertilizer, antibiotic and chemical pollutions, moderate the dynamics of aquatic pathogens? The bio-physicochemical, genomic, metagenomic, and metabolomic data may provide insights into the driving forces of disease transmission in disaster-prone regions, where the solar-based engineering, mobile technologies, water purification processes and rapid diagnostic tests need to be urgently introduced and culturally accepted. A new platform is expected to emerge to sustainable address the environmental health impacts of climatic disasters.
0232 Improving environmental water management: Sharing perspectives on the diverse elements of river anthropology
Science and policy development related to environmental flows has been dominated by the biophysical sciences but it is clear that sustainable water management must also better address social, political and economic dimensions of water use and management. There is a pressing need for a new transdisciplinary approach that brings together researchers from a range of fields, policy makers and water users. This event will: (1) Foster a dialogue among river social scientists, ecologist, hydrologists and other practitioners and share individual perspectives towards greater transdisciplinary engagement; (2) Build a common understanding of the vital connections between the social sciences and current environmental flow science, (3) Build a network of researchers interested in bringing insights from the social sciences to bear on environmental flow policy, management and techniques through new collaborations and capacity building.
Organiser: Michael Douglas - firstname.lastname@example.org*
0233 Workshop - Identifying trade-offs between ecosystem services (EES), biodiversity and industry as a step towards balanced land use
This half day workshop focuses on multi-criteria optimization methods and analytical frameworks that enable the assessment of the effects of different land use intensities and landscape configurations on selected ecosystem functions and services, potential industry impacts (or disruptions) on this functionality and biodiversity indicators. The workshop will discuss related approaches regarding the identification of (a)synergies and trade-offs between various ESS in different land use types and at different scales; (b)patterns of ESS provision and biodiversity change under different land management options; (c)understanding or assigning value to EES, and (d) provide opportunity to develop analytical frameworks for determining balanced land use outcomes to minimize trade-offs between different regions, land use types and intensities, considering societal preferences, strategies and goals.
Journal editors will present some of the most common pitfalls to avoid when publishing a paper in an international journal, along with some of the best examples of scientific writing and style. An informal discussion will then take place between editors and participants. Part of the Young Scientists’ Program.
Pre-registration not necessary